The ratings of CKP reflect the company's proven record of developing and operating large-scale hydroelectric power plants as well as cogeneration power plants, predictable cash flow derived from power purchase agreements (PPAs) with creditworthy counter parties, and the proven technology used in the hydroelectric power plants. However, the ratings are constrained by the hydrology risk and the sovereign risk of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR; rated "BBB+/Negative" by TRIS Rating).
In the first three months of 2018, CKP's revenue increased by 34.5% (year-on-year) to Bt1.82 billion. The increase was mainly due to the full operation of cogeneration power plant phase 2 (Bangpa-in cogeneration 2), which commenced operation in late June 2017. However, the lower electricity sales about 9.4% (y-o-y) at Nam Ngum 2 hydroelectric power plant (NN2HPP) caused a decline in operating margin (operating income before depreciation and amortization as % of sales) to 45.2%. The electricity sales at NN2HPP are expected to improve in the third quarter of year. Normally, the water flow into NN2HPP's reservoir in the first quarter accounts for about 6% of total inflow for the year, while the water inflow in the third quarter of the year makes up about 60%-65%.
At the end of March 2018, CKP's total debt was Bt27.93 billion with debt to capitalization ratio of 47.6%.
The "stable" outlook reflects TRIS Rating's expectation that CKP's power plant will perform in line with their respective guidance. As such, CKP will continue to receive stable cash flows from its investments. Moreover, TRIS Rating also expects the Xayaburi hydroelectric power plant (Xayaburi HPP) will commence operation as planned, and will contribute return as expected.
Any credit upside would be limited over the next 12-18 months. A downside case may emerge if the performances of the operating power plants fall short of estimates, which weakens CKP's cash flow. The ratings could be lowered if the Xayaburi HPP delays its commercial operation date or its performance deviates materially from the expectation. Any large debt-funded investments which deteriorates the company's financial profile would be a negative pressure on the ratings as well.
CK Power PLC (CKP)
Up to Bt6,500 million senior unsecured debentures due within 10 years